Search Results for: anxiety

Anxiety and Obesity

Did you know…..

Some people try to calm their anxiety by overeating and compulsively?

The increase in the intake of foods has led to a large increase in the weight of the inhabitants of many developed countries. What has been called obesity epidemic causes a serious risk to health. It is shown that obese people have an average life ten years less than people who have a normal weight.

We can affirm that people who eat healthy and avoid sedentary lifestyle have a weight appropriate. In some countries more than half of the population weighs more than their share.

The increase in the average weight of the inhabitants of some countries has tripled with respect to the average weight of 30 years ago. Even in countries where in the past there was no overweight or obesity, such as Japan and Korea, the average has also increased.

From this page we encourage you to lead a more active lifestyle and take a healthier diet, both adults, young people.
We also want to warn of the danger of certain diet to lose weight that can put in serious risk the health.

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)





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Anxiety Drugs and Pregnancy (English)

Did you know that…..
In pregnancy the use of drugs, especially during the first trimester, may increase the risk of cleft lip and palate and intrauterine growth retardation ?

Using these drugs to relive anxiety during labor and delivery affect the new born . They may produce respiratory depression, poor sucking, sedation, hypotonia and hypothermia.


(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)


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Anxiety Drugs and Elderly (English)

Did you know that…..

in the elderly the use of anxiety drugs, particularly Benzodiazepines, may increase the risk of oversedation, paradoxical excitement, confusion and delirium ?

These responses may be explained by age-dependent changes in drug pharmacokinetics and increased target organ sensitivity. The elderly have dismished hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes and drugs elimination capacity.


(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Episodes of acute anxiety have a great variety of somatic symptoms.

    • stiffness, tremors, weakness, unsteadiness of voice


    • palpitation, flushing or pallor, faintness, rapid pulse, increased blood pressure


    • nausea, vomiting, diarrhea


  • cold wet extremities, rapid or irregular breathing, sleep disturbances.


(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Anxiety and Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud pioneered explorations into man’s inner life, discovered the role of unconscious phenomena (most particularly inner conflicts) in determining the sources of neurotic anxiety.

He recognized the crucial signi of anxiety for the development of the individual and the elaboration of his neurotic and psychotic states.



(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)


"Retrato de Sigmund Freud"

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The Hospitalism and Rene Spitz

The american psychoanalyst Rene Spitz (1887-1974) described the Hospitalism Syndrome in 1945. This syndrome occurs in babies when they are separated from a loving mother for a period of more than three months.
Hospitalism is caused by not being attended children in their
emotional needs (hugs, caresses, talking to them, smiling, etc.), even if they had been given exquisite care in their physical needs (food, medical care, proper clothing, etc.).

This Rene Spitz discovery, hospitalism, made it necessary to take into account the emotional and affective needs of babies admitted to institutions. And so, mothers were allowed to stay with their children when they were admitted to a hospital. The presence of the mother with the child reduces anxiety and helps a faster recovery; that is why currently in children’s hospitals, mothers are allowed to stay with their sick children.

But a sick child should not be overprotected, and it will be treated, as far as possible, not too different from the rest of the children of their age. Most children’s hospitals have teachers and a “school” where children can go every day to perform different tasks. This is especially important for children who have to be hospitalized for a long time.

The family will give the sick children affection and attention. Family must help and facilitate proper activities for his sick childrem. But family will take special care that the child does not obtain certain “secondary earnings” on account of his sick status.

In summary, the Hospitalism Syndrome will be avoided with the presence with of their beloved mother.


(Edited by María Moya Guirao M.D.)


beloved mother

beloved mother

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Ansiedad y memoria

Hace tiempo escribimos un post explicando como una ansiedad moderada es normal e incluso puede ser beneficiosa en ciertos casos (*), y hoy dedicamos este pequeño artículo para comentar una reciente publicación de Christopher Lee y Myra Fernandes, profesores e investigadores de la Universidad de Waterloo en Canadá.

El estudio, titulado “Emotional Encoding Context Leads to Memory Bias in Individuals with High Anxiety, ha sido publicado recientemente en la revista Brain Sciences.

Para la realización de la citada investigación se utilizó una muestra de 80 jóvenes estudiantes que respondieron a un cuestionario (Depression Anxiety Stress Scales) sobre el nivel de ansiedad experimentado en las situaciones vividas la semana anterior a la realización de esta prueba. Los investigadores excluyeron a los estudiantes que padecían ansiedad patológica.

Más tarde se pidió a los jóvenes que vieran 72 palabras en un ordenador asociadas la mitad de ellas a imágenes negativas, y la otra mitad asociadas a imágenes neutras. Finalmente los estudiantes tuvieron que recordar las palabras vistas en la pantalla de la computadora.

Conclusión: Los investigadores encontraron que los estudiantes que tenían más ansiedad (cuarenta de ellos) recordaban mejor las palabras mostradas asociadas con una imagen negativa.


(Editado por la Dra. Moya Guirao)

(*) Ansiedad moderada:


curva de Yerkes-Dodson

curva de Yerkes-Dodson


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Sigmund Freud Theories

Topic: Major theories of Sigmund Freud .

1) Structure of the psyche or mind: Conscious, Preconscious and Unconscious.

2) Later created a second scheme psychical: It, Ego and Super-ego.

3) Theory of instincts : Freud initially claimed that exist, the sexual instinct and aggressive instinct. Then Freud talked of the Thanatos (destructive force) and the Eros (life force).

4) Oedipus complex: the child experienced a kind of “love” to her mother and considered, at that time, the father as a rival in the affection and attention of the mother.

The same situation occurs in reverse in girls.

5) The Libido: force that represents the sexual instinct, understood not in genital sense, but in a broader sense.

The development of the libido from birth to adulthood comprises the following phases:

  • Oral , until the end of the first year in which libidinal energy is focused in the mouth.
  • Anal, until three years or so.
  • Phallic , in which the libido moves the phallus and lasts up to five years or less.
  • Phase Latency , which seems to be a decrease in libidinal interests.
  • Genital libido focuses on the genitals. This last stage lasts from early adolescence to adulthood.

Besides the above, Freud studied the meanning of the dreams, hysterical neurosis, obsessional neurosis, anxiety, phobias, etc.


(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)


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Consulta en Madrid. Más de 30 años de experiencia. Tratamiento  de Psicosis, Trastornos de Ansiedad, Depresión. Trastorno Bipolar, Fobias, Obsesiones, Timidez, problemas de pareja, Trastornos sexuales, Adicciones, Anorexia Nerviosa, Bulimia, Trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad, Trastornos psicosomáticos, problemas escolares, etc.

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