Search Results for: psychoanalysis

The Future of Psychoanalysis

Did you know…..

Eric Kandel, Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine, published in The American Journal of Psychiatry an interesting article entitled “Biology and the future of psychoanalysis: A new intellectual framework for psychiatry revisited”?

In that article he said, among other things, the following:

1- Psychoanalysis still represents the most coherent and intellectually satisfying vision of the mind.

2- Freud taught us to listen carefully to patients and in a new way, in a way that nobody had used before.

3- Sigmund Freud and his students made important contributions to the knowledge of unconscious mental processes and motivations.

4- Freud is the great modern thinker on human motivations.

5- The twentieth century has been marked by Freud’s deep understanding of the psychological problems that have historically occupied the Western mind.

– The strengths of psychoanalysis are its scope and the complexity of the issues it addresses.

Eric R. Kandel was born in Austria in 1929, but has developed his entire career in the United States of America where he has been a professor at the Universities of Columbia and New York. Kandel is a neuropsychiatrist who has made important contributions to the knowledge of the Physiology of memory and learning.

Among his numerous publications, it is worth quoting “Neuroscience Principles” and “Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis and the New Biology of the Mind“.



(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)


Eric Kandel

Eric Kandel

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Children Psychoanalysis (English)

Did you know that…..
The technique of psychoanalytic investigation was modified by Anna Freud who provided a method suitable for the analytic study of neurosis in childhood ?

Most of what is known about neurosis in children and other childhood mental disorders and their treatment had come from psychoanalysts therapists.
Melanie Klein develop also a method based on interpretation of the meaning of child’s play without recourse to verbal therapy. In that kind of psychoanalysis “toys” are very important.


(Edited by Dra. Moya Guirao)

Anna Freud

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Childhood and Psychoanalysis (English)

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Attention to individual’s development during childhood and mental illness first come from psychoanalysis ?

Freud and Breuer, studying hysteria, established the relationship between neurotic symptoms and childhood experiences. Sigmund Freud discovered childhood symptoms in the past live of his adult patients.


(Editado por la Dra. Moya Guirao)


Sigmund Freud

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Psychoanalysis (basic tenets)

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One of the basic tenets of psychoanalysis has to do with the notion that in order to know the other, one must first know oneself ?

I know you to the extent that I know my self”.



(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Psychoanalysis and early experiences

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Psychoanalysis underlines the importance of early emotional experiences for later psychological disturbances ?

Psychoanalysis is a form of psychotherapy developed by Sigmund Freud to cure mental disorders.

The Austrian psychiatrist Freud showed that neurotic symptoms were due to traumatic experiences lived by the patients. According to Sigmund Freud many conflicting thoughts or feelings were repressed and remained in the unconscious.


(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)


Psychoanalysis Coach

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Edith Jacobson Biography

Biography of Edith Jacobson

Edith Jacobson (1897-1978) was a German psychoanalyst doctor who was born into a Jewish family of doctors from Lower Silesia. She was part of the first generation of women with university education after the First World War.

This psychoanalyst was a very politically committed person. The Gestapo stopped her in October 1935. Fleeing from the Nazi threat she settled in the United States of America, where she died in 1978 (Rochester, New York). In America, Jacobson was a member of the Institute of Psychoanalysis in New York. In that institute he worked as a psychoanalyst for many years.

But back to its beginnings, Edith Jacobson, who had graduated as a doctor and worked as a pediatrician in a hospital in the German city of Heidelberg, began to be interested in Psychoanalysis as a result of knowing sexuality of the kids through his work as a pediatrician.

In 1925 Edith Jacobson entered the Psychoanalytic Institute in Berlin where he had as teachers Sándor Rado, Franz Alexander and Otto Fenichel. Jacobson performed with the latter his Didactic Analysis.

In his early work Edith Jacobson included extensive and detailed clinical material of his experience in the treatment of children with psychic problems. In these studies on child psychic pathology we can be seen a clear influence of the two great founders of psychoanalysis of children, Anna Freud and Melanie Klein.

Among the most important contributions made by Edith Jacobson deserve to mention their interesting studies on the Depression, Psychosis and the Freudian psychic instances of the Self, Id and the Super-ego.

The theories of Edith Jacobson are framed within the current developed by Marxist psychoanalysts of the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute. Among these psychoanalysts were Wilhelm Reich and his wife Annie (the latter became a great friend of Edith), Otto Fenichel, Erich Fromm, etc. This group of psychoanalysts, we could say “from the left“, emphasized the importance of external reality for psychological development and the social influence in the development of neuroses.

In this line, Edith Jacobson argued that the environmental factor of reality was as important as the internal world of emotions and fantasies.

Also interesting are his contributions in the field of women’s psychology, femininity, female sexuality and the psychological development of the girl.


(Edited by

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Sigmund Freud and Georg Groddeck

Did you know…..

In a letter to Sigmund Freud the German doctor Georg Groddeck wrote him the following?

In 1912 I published a book in which there is a premature judment, whose text alone shows that at that time I did not know of the psychoanalysis more than by hearsay, it would not require an explicit confirmation that my unforgivable error was not based but in ignorance, which does not mitigate in any way .. “

Georg Groddeck was referring to the fierce and unjust criticism he had made to Psychoanalysis years earlier in his book entitled Nasamecu.

Many times have we heard or read critiques of psychoanalysis or Freud by people who, like Groddeck confessed, knew about psychoanalysis only by hearsay or had not read a single book by Freud.


(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)


Georg Groddeck

Georg Groddeck

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Skinner and Sigmund Freud

Did you know…..

that Skinner, the father of Behaviorism, quotes Sigmund Freud more than ten times in one of his books?

Perhaps many behaviorists do not know that Burrhus Frederic Skinner in his book “Science and Human Behavior“, published in 1953, speaks in very flattering terms about Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis.

Among these quotes is the following:

Skinner recognizes the importance of Freud in relating childhood events to behaviors in adult life.

He also says verbatim: “Perhaps prudent men have always known that we are predisposed to see things as we want to see them instead of how they are, but thanks to Sigmund Freud we are much more aware today of the “thought of desire”.

To explain certain aspects of the “positive reinforcement” of certain behaviors, he resorts to the Freudian concept of “Sublimation“. And he adds: “For example, A marriage without children can sublimate their paternal instinct treating their puppy as a son”.

In the chapter on punishment he says: “The fact that punishment does not permanently reduce a tendency to respond, agrees with Freud’s discovery of the survival of the activity of what he called repressed desires”.

He further adds: “As we shall see later, Freud’s observations may fit perfectly in the line of the

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