Posts in Category: english

Depressed people

Did you know…..

That in Depression is there a tendency to negative thinking, as the result of excessive abstraction and generalization?

Depressed people generalize negative events, and this leads to pessimistic anticipations and a great despair about the future. Depressed people think very negatively about themselves and the events that occur in their lives.

These patiens also do not have specific goals for their lives. They tend to think of abstract personal goals.

Several studies have also found that depressed adolescents have nonspecific personal goals, unlike adolescents who do not suffer from depression. But some studies have also shown that depressed young people can make up specific personal goals after conducting a successful psychotherapy treatment. In young people with depression, motivation, commitment and effort to achieve personal goals are very poor.


(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)





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Pregnancy and Antipsychotic drugs

Did you know…..

Taking antipsychotic drugs during pregnancy can produce a syndrome of withdrawal in the newborn?

This syndrome of withdrawal in the newborn occurs when a woman takes antipsychotic medication during the third trimester of her pregnancy.

In this syndrome the newborn baby has severe dystonia, akathisia (inability to sit still or sit), tremor, bradykinesia (slowness of movement) and stiffness. These extrapyramidal effects are due to the antipsychotic medication taken by the mother.

The Pharmacovigilance Working Party (PhVWP) of the European Union Medicines Agency advises that doctors assess case by case the medication to be prescribed throughout pregnancy.


(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)



Antipsychotic drugs

Antipsychotic drugs

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Biography of Marguerite Sechehaye

Marguerite Sechehaye (1887-1064) was a Swiss psychologist and psychoanalyst who developed a method called Symbolic Realization for the treatment of Schizophrenia.

This psychoanalyst became popular with the publication of his book “Autobiography of a Schizophrenic girl“, published in 1950. It is about the case of a teenage girl, Renée, who suffered from Schizophrenia. This book was made ??into a film by italian director Nelo Risi.

Marguerite Sechehaye, whose maiden name was Marguerite Burdet, studied Literature with the great linguist Ferdinand de Saussure. Later she studied Psychology with Claparède.

Sechehaye became interested in Psycoanalysis and began her Didactic Analysis with the psychoanalist Raymond de Saussure.

She had frequent contacts with other famous contemporary psychoanalysts as Anna Freud, Donald D. Winicott, René Spitz, etc.

Another interesting publication by Sechehaye Marguerite is “A New Psychotherapy in Schizophrenia. Relief of frustrations by Symbolic Realization”.



(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)


Marguerite Sechehaye

Foto de Marguerite Sechehaye

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Post-holiday syndrome

Post-holiday syndrome. Truth or lie? Myth or reality?

Now that summer has ended and nearly one hundred percent of the people who work have been incorporated into their jobs, it turns to talk of the post-holiday syndrome, as often happens almost every year. But experts have not accepted the existence of so-called Post-holiday syndrome.
Regarding this syndrome, we have seen statistics that say 5% of the population suffers it, and others stated that up to 35% of the population has this disorder. And even without blinking, they listed a long series of symptoms such as poor concentration, irritability, sadness, fatigue, apathy, and so on, as manifestations of this syndrome.
We have been witnessing in recent years of the creation of multiple and diverse diseases, which are not such, they are only simple human reactions to certain situations.
(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)


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Consumption of alcohol in America

Did you know …..

what is the alcohol consumption in America ?

According to data published this month by the World Health Organization (WHO), Europe ranks first in consumption “per capita” of alcoholic beverages worldwide, and in the second place is America.

The top positions are occupied for the following countries: Granada 29.9 liters of alcohol per capita annually, Saint Lucia with 24.0 liters, Brazil with 19.6 liters, Chile with 19.2 liters, Argentina with 19.5 liters, Canada with 18.8 liters, and the United States with 18.1 liters.

The countries with the lowest per capita annual consumption of alcohol are: El Salvador with 9.0 liters per year, Honduras with 9.7 liters, Cuba with 12.3 liters, Jamaica with 12.5 liters, Guatemala with 13.9 liters, and Nicaragua with 14.3 liters.

The consumption per gender are :

Argentina : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 19.5 liters (males) and 10.9 (females)

Bolivia : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 14.5 liters (males) and 6.6 (females)

Brazil : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 19.6 liters (males) and 8.9 (females)

Guatemala : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 13.9 liters (males) and 1.7 (females)

Canada : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 18.8 liters (males) and 7.4 (females)

Chile : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 19.2 liters (males) and 9.3 (females)

Colombia : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 15.2 liters (males) and 9.4 (females)

Ecuador : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 18.8 liters (males) and 9.4 (females)

Mexico : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 18.0 liters (males) and 5.7 (females)

Peru : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 18.0 liters (males) and 8.6 (females)

Estados Unidos : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 18.1 liters (males) and 7.8 (females)

Venezuela : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 18.1 liters (males) and 10.7 (females)


(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

silueta de un bebedor

silueta de un hombre alcohólico



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Did you know that…..

Nebulaphobia is the pathological fears of fog ?

Etymologically the term Nebulaphobia come from two Greek words, “Nebula” meaning fog and “phobia” meaning fear or apprehension.

Nebulaphobia is a phobic disease.

We treat this mental disorder with Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy.


(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)


fog and a tree




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Worldwide Alcohol Consumption

Did you know that…..

After the World Health Organization’s Global status report on alcohol and health 2014 about 3.3 million deaths (5.9% of all global deaths) were attributable to alcohol consumption ?

The 7.6% of that deaths are among males and 4.0% females. Also, 5.1% of the global burden of disease and injury were attributable to alcohol consumption. Males also have a greater rate of total burden of disease attributable to alcohol than females (7.4% for men and 2.3% for women).

 Worldwide alcohol consumption was equal to 6.2 litres of alcohol per person aged 15 years or older. About 16.0% of drinkers engage in heavy episodicdrinking.

Females are more often lifetime abstainers than males.

In general, high-income countries have the highest alcohol per capita consumption.

Children, adolescents and elderly people are more vulnerable to alcohol.

A greater proportion of the total alcohol consumed by young people is consumed during heavy drinking episodes. Young people also may engage in more reckless behaviour while drunk.
Older drinkers typically consume alcohol more frequently than other age groups. As people grow older, their bodies are less able to handle the same levels of alcohol consumption as in previous life years.

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Did you know that…..

Astraphobia is the pathological  fear of thunderstorms ?

Astraphobia is a phobic disease. Etymologically the term Astraphobia come from two Greek words, “Astra” meaning thunderstorm and “phobia” meaning fear or apprehension. We treat this mental disorder with Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy.



(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)


dibujo de una tormenta

dibujo de una nube, rayos y lluvia

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