Posts in Category: english

Mother-child relationship

Did you know that….

mother-child relationship is a basic factor in the development of an adaptable and flexible ego ?

René Spitz observed that babies removed from their mother’s care and left in a hospital showed anxiety.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Dorothea Linde Dix

Who is Dorothea Linde Dix   ?

Dorothea Linde Dix (1802-1887) was a school teacher that became shocked when she saw the “places” where mental patients were locked up and the treat them received.

Dorothea Linde Dix wrote a report (famous in the Psychiatry History) about mental hospital and sent it to Massachusetts authorities in 1843.

Through her activities, twenty states built modern mental hospital, and extended the facilities of a total of thirty-two hospitals in USA, Canada and British Isles. Among these was the famous “Government Hospital for the Insane” at Washington D.C.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

"Retrato de Dorothea Linde Dix"

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Alcoholism incidence

Did you know that …..

75% of American adults drink alcoholic beverages and 1 in 10 will experience some problem with alcoholism ?

Did you know that …..

women alcoholics have been, in general, more likely to drink alone, and less likely to experience some of the social stigmata ?

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

"Alcohol"

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Electric Convulsive Treatment

Did you know that …..

in 1938 Cerletti and Bini in Italy introduce Electric Convulsive Treatment ?

It was based in the belief that schizophrenia and epilepsy do not occur together. Later studies questioned that.

Electric Convulsive Treatment o Electroshock is a small electric shock to induce an epilepsy seizure in the patient.
The frequency is variable, but usually given three times a week for a fortnight or a month.

In the past Electric Convulsive Treatment or Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) was used for different mental illnesses. Currently it is only prescribed for stubborn cases of depression or schizophrenia who are unresponsive to less invasive treatments. Nowadays electroshock is applied under anesthesia.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

Electric Convulsive Treatment

 

 

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The Psychoanalytic Theory

The Psychoanalytic Theory

Psychoanalysis is a depth psychology and gives especial significance to pre-conscious and un-conscious psychic activities.

Freud affirmed  present behavior can only be understood in terms of past environmental experiences,

He published  two important books : “Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality” and  “Interpretation of Dreams“,  He wrote in this papers about infantile sexuality .
The children libido seen to go through distinct phases of development. in each phase there is characteristic pleasurable bodily zones :

  • The oral phase Lasts from birth until one-and-a-half years of age. The most important pleasurable activity is sucking
  • The anal phase occurs between one-and-a-half to three years.The most important source of bodily pleasure comes from anus.
  • The fallic phase last from the thirth to seventh year. After this phase comes the latency period until the beginning of puberty, age about twelve .

 

(Edited by Dra. Moya Guirao)

Sigmund Freud

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Pychosomatic Medicine

Did you know that…..
Dr. George M. Beard (1830-1883) published a paper entitled “The Influence of Mind in the Causation and Cure of Disease and the Potency of Definite Expectation” ?

He said : fear, anger, grief, wonder and expectation were the most likely to produce disease. This is what Psychosomatic Medicine regarded nowadays.

Psychosomatic disorders are diseases or symptoms in the body which are partially or totally related to the emotions of the person.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

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The First Mental Hospital in USA

Did you know that…..

the first hospital for the care of mental disorders in USA was The Pennsylvania Hospital in Philadelphia ?

The First Mental Hospital in USA was established in 1773 .

In 1560, two centuries ago Friar Bernardo Alvarez founded in Mexico D.F. the first hospital in America to care for the mentally ill. The hospital was called San Hipolito Hospital.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

First Mental Hospital

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The American Psychiatric Association

Did you know that….

the American  Psychiatric Association was founded in 1844 ?

That first association was called “ Association of Medical Superintendents of American Institutions for the Insane” (AMSAII), and was founded in Philadelphia by a group of American psychiatrists. Actually the APA was founded in 1921.

The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is an American organization of more than 150,000 members, psychiatrists and psychiatry students. The organization elects a president and an executive committee.

The flagship publication of the American Psychiatric Association is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), whose first book was published in 1952. In the course of this year 2011 will be released DSM-V.

Below is the logo of the American Psychiatric Association, where we see the image of what is considered the father of American psychiatry, Benjamin Rush.

 

(Edited By María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

The American Psychiatric Association logo

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