Posts in Category: english

Drugg dependence

Did you know that…..

In the abuse of drugs Psychological dependence is characterized by a desire to repeat the administration of the drug to produce pleasure or avoid discomfort ?

The dependence is an effect induced by a drug, alcohol or other substances.
Another type of dependence is the physical or physiological dependence. This type of dependence is characterized by the appearance of signs of tolerance or withdrawal.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Vaginismus

Did you know that…..

Vaginismus is the spasm of the lower vaginal muscles resulting from a woman’s unconscious desire to prevent penetration ?

In vaginismus is frecuently seen in cases of unconsummated marriage.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Benjamin Rush

Who’s Benjamin Rush?

Benjamin Rush is “The Father of American Psychiatry” (1745-1813) and he was the first American physician to approach the treatment of mental disorders from a scientific viewpoint, but his principal remedies were purgatives, emetics, and bloodletting.

Benjamin Rush graduated from Princeton at the age of fifteen, and received his doctor’s degree from the University of Edinburgh at the age of twenty-two.

He published a psychiatry treatise in 1812 under the title “Medical Inquiries and Observations Upon Diseases of the Mind“.

Rush devised two curious instruments, the “gyrator” based on the principle of centrifugal action to increase cerebral circulation, and the “tranquilizer“. These instruments were “shock measures“, a form of shock therapy. He thought these apparatus were good “to obviate these evils of the strait waistcoat and at the same time to obtain all the benefit of coercion“, as he used to say.

Benjamin Rush  was a very learned man and a signer of the Declaration of Independence.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

"Retrato de Benjamin Rush"

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Sigmund Freud’s Fundamental Studies

Did you know that…..

Freud’s fundamental studies on the ego and the mechanisms of defense constituted the beginning of the development of ego psychology ?

Following Sigmund Freud`s formulations there are three basic structures : the id, the ego and the super-ego.

 

 

(Edited María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

Sigmund Freud

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Adolescence

Did you know that…..

Adolescence is characterized by romantics infatuations, rebelliousness against authority, the search for intense emotional experiences, radical idealism, emotional upheavals and sexual preoccupation ?

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Ivan Pavlov

What is  the Classical Conditioning ?

The Classical Conditioning by Ivan Pavlov says that the paring of a conditional stimulus (bell) with an unconditioned stimulus (meat) elicits an unconditioned response (salivation). Repetition produces a conditional reflex in which the bell alone elicits salivation in his dog.

On the other hand in the Operant Conditioning by Skinner learning occurs as a consequence of reinforcement. If a response is reinforced, its frequency will increase, but if it is punished, its frequency will decrease.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

"Ivan Pavlov"

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Mother-child relationship

Did you know that….

mother-child relationship is a basic factor in the development of an adaptable and flexible ego ?

René Spitz observed that babies removed from their mother’s care and left in a hospital showed anxiety.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Dorothea Linde Dix

Who is Dorothea Linde Dix   ?

Dorothea Linde Dix (1802-1887) was a school teacher that became shocked when she saw the “places” where mental patients were locked up and the treat them received.

Dorothea Linde Dix wrote a report (famous in the Psychiatry History) about mental hospital and sent it to Massachusetts authorities in 1843.

Through her activities, twenty states built modern mental hospital, and extended the facilities of a total of thirty-two hospitals in USA, Canada and British Isles. Among these was the famous “Government Hospital for the Insane” at Washington D.C.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

"Retrato de Dorothea Linde Dix"

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