Posts in Category: english

Physical Dependence

Did you know that…..

In drugs abuse Physical dependence is a state of adaptation to a drug accompanied by tolerance and abstinence syndrome ?

In addiction to drugs, alcohol and other substances is common to find tolerance and physical or psychological dependence.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Legal Mechanims

Did you now that…..

a  more stringent legal mechanism are required to institutionalize a person against his wishes nowadays ?

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Human Behavior Disorders

Diagnosis and treatment of human behavior disorders are determined by social and psychological factors. They could be : un-conscious, pre-conscious and conscious.

The understanding of the essential psychological mechanism, the causes of mental illness, the social factors and the introduction of Neuroleptics and Psychotherapy has contributed to the treatment of many patients and reduced the duration of hospital stay of psychotics.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Child-guidance Clinics

Did you know that…..

In the field of Psychiatry one of the most significant event was the creation of child- guidance clinics ?

It started with William Healy in 1909 in the institute devoted to the study of juvenile problems in Chicago.

William Healy (1869-1963) was a psychiatrist and one of the founder of the American Orthopsychiatric Association. He published in 1915 an famous book entitled “The Individual Delinquent”, result of his historical research investigations of several institutions for delinquents.

Healy also contributed to introduce the Psychoanalysis in America and the theories of Sigmund Freud.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

The Individual Delinquent book

 

 

 

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Paranoid Personalities

Paranoid Personalities are very sensitive to interpersonal relationships and tend to find malevolent intentions behind innocent acts by others.

These persons, Paranoid Personalities, are most often envious and inflexible.
This personality pattern is likely developed among those who feel particularly inferior.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Drugg dependence

Did you know that…..

In the abuse of drugs Psychological dependence is characterized by a desire to repeat the administration of the drug to produce pleasure or avoid discomfort ?

The dependence is an effect induced by a drug, alcohol or other substances.
Another type of dependence is the physical or physiological dependence. This type of dependence is characterized by the appearance of signs of tolerance or withdrawal.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Vaginismus

Did you know that…..

Vaginismus is the spasm of the lower vaginal muscles resulting from a woman’s unconscious desire to prevent penetration ?

In vaginismus is frecuently seen in cases of unconsummated marriage.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Benjamin Rush

Who’s Benjamin Rush?

Benjamin Rush is “The Father of American Psychiatry” (1745-1813) and he was the first American physician to approach the treatment of mental disorders from a scientific viewpoint, but his principal remedies were purgatives, emetics, and bloodletting.

Benjamin Rush graduated from Princeton at the age of fifteen, and received his doctor’s degree from the University of Edinburgh at the age of twenty-two.

He published a psychiatry treatise in 1812 under the title “Medical Inquiries and Observations Upon Diseases of the Mind“.

Rush devised two curious instruments, the “gyrator” based on the principle of centrifugal action to increase cerebral circulation, and the “tranquilizer“. These instruments were “shock measures“, a form of shock therapy. He thought these apparatus were good “to obviate these evils of the strait waistcoat and at the same time to obtain all the benefit of coercion“, as he used to say.

Benjamin Rush  was a very learned man and a signer of the Declaration of Independence.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

"Retrato de Benjamin Rush"

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