Posts in Category: english

The First Mental Hospital in USA

Did you know that…..

the first hospital for the care of mental disorders in USA was The Pennsylvania Hospital in Philadelphia ?

The First Mental Hospital in USA was established in 1773 .

In 1560, two centuries ago Friar Bernardo Alvarez founded in Mexico D.F. the first hospital in America to care for the mentally ill. The hospital was called San Hipolito Hospital.


(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

First Mental Hospital

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The American Psychiatric Association

Did you know that….

the American  Psychiatric Association was founded in 1844 ?

That first association was called “ Association of Medical Superintendents of American Institutions for the Insane” (AMSAII), and was founded in Philadelphia by a group of American psychiatrists. Actually the APA was founded in 1921.

The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is an American organization of more than 150,000 members, psychiatrists and psychiatry students. The organization elects a president and an executive committee.

The flagship publication of the American Psychiatric Association is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), whose first book was published in 1952. In the course of this year 2011 will be released DSM-V.

Below is the logo of the American Psychiatric Association, where we see the image of what is considered the father of American psychiatry, Benjamin Rush.


(Edited By María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

The American Psychiatric Association logo

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Psychoanalysis and early experiences

Did you know that….

Psychoanalysis underlines the importance of early emotional experiences for later psychological disturbances ?

Psychoanalysis is a form of psychotherapy developed by Sigmund Freud to cure mental disorders.

The Austrian psychiatrist Freud showed that neurotic symptoms were due to traumatic experiences lived by the patients. According to Sigmund Freud many conflicting thoughts or feelings were repressed and remained in the unconscious.


(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)


Psychoanalysis Coach

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The First Mental Hospital in America

Did you Know that…..

the first hospital for the care of mental patients in America was San Hipólito Hospital in Mexico ?

That hospital was founded by fray Bernardo Alvarez in 1560 .

Before the foundation of that hospital the insane, ill-fed and half naked, roaming the streets or were housed in prisons. Later, in 1586, brother Bernardo Alvarez founded the Hospital of Santa Cruz for the mentally ill located in Oaxtepec, State of Morelos, also in Mexico.


(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

San Hipólito Hospital in Mexico

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Oedipus Complex

Did you know that…..

for Psychoanalysis the Oedipus complex is the love to the mother and hostile rivalry to the father ?
Sigmund Freud, the famous psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, discovered two trends in childhood (3 to 5 years) love the opposite sex parent and hostility to same-sex parent. That is, the child experiences a keen love for his mother, who is at that time the female person more worthy of interest. Simultaneously experiencing aggression against his father, which sees a successful rival, whose strength the child admires and envy.

Girls also experience it, but love is directed toward the father and hostility toward the mother.

Sigmund Freud took the name Oedipus Complex from Greek mythology.


(Edited by María. Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Depressive Disorder

Unipolar Depressive Disorder .

Clinical manifestations :

  • The mood is depressed irritable o anxious .
  • Crying  spells, but some patients complain of inability to cry.
  • lack of self confidence and low self-esteem.
  • Loss of interest in usual activities.
  • Negative expectations .
  • Thoughts of death and suicide.
  • Psychomotor retardation and poor concentration.
  • Anorexia and weight loss or weight gain.
  • Amenorrhea or other menstrual irregularities.
  • Loss of sexual desire.
  • Insomnia e hypersomnia.


(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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What is Dyspareunia ?

Dyspareunia is a painful or difficult coitus.

Dyspareunia may be :

  • Prymary. This type of Dyspareunia appears during initial attempts of sexual intercourse. The cause may be psychogenic or due to inadequate lubrication, improper intromission, infections, etc.
  • Secondary : It is not related to first coitus and often develop years later. causes include dryness of the mucosa, retroflection of the uterus, endometriosis, radiation therapy for treatment of malignancy, etc.


If the cause is psychological or emotional, the treatment will be Psychotherapy.


(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Abstinence Syndrome (English)

What is the Abstinence Syndrome ?

The Abstinence Syndrome is characterized by untoward physiologic changes that occur when the drug or alcohol is discontinued or when its effect is counteracted by a specific antagonist.

The use of drugs and the consumption of alcohol develop dependence and tolerance. Many addicts continued using them to prevent the discomfort of withdrawal. Drugs use and alcohol drink have became a part of our culture. Recreational use is often accompanied by ritualization with a set of observed rules and is seldom practiced alone.

Most of the addicts people abuse alcohol or another drug at the same time and may have hospital admissions for overdose, adverse reactions, or withdrawal problems.


(Edited by Dra Moya Guirao)




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