Posts in Category: english

Benjamin Rush

Who’s Benjamin Rush?

Benjamin Rush is “The Father of American Psychiatry” (1745-1813) and he was the first American physician to approach the treatment of mental disorders from a scientific viewpoint, but his principal remedies were purgatives, emetics, and bloodletting.

Benjamin Rush graduated from Princeton at the age of fifteen, and received his doctor’s degree from the University of Edinburgh at the age of twenty-two.

He published a psychiatry treatise in 1812 under the title “Medical Inquiries and Observations Upon Diseases of the Mind“.

Rush devised two curious instruments, the “gyrator” based on the principle of centrifugal action to increase cerebral circulation, and the “tranquilizer“. These instruments were “shock measures“, a form of shock therapy. He thought these apparatus were good “to obviate these evils of the strait waistcoat and at the same time to obtain all the benefit of coercion“, as he used to say.

Benjamin Rush  was a very learned man and a signer of the Declaration of Independence.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

"Retrato de Benjamin Rush"

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Sigmund Freud’s Fundamental Studies

Did you know that…..

Freud’s fundamental studies on the ego and the mechanisms of defense constituted the beginning of the development of ego psychology ?

Following Sigmund Freud`s formulations there are three basic structures : the id, the ego and the super-ego.

 

 

(Edited María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

Sigmund Freud

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Adolescence

Did you know that…..

Adolescence is characterized by romantics infatuations, rebelliousness against authority, the search for intense emotional experiences, radical idealism, emotional upheavals and sexual preoccupation ?

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Ivan Pavlov

What is  the Classical Conditioning ?

The Classical Conditioning by Ivan Pavlov says that the paring of a conditional stimulus (bell) with an unconditioned stimulus (meat) elicits an unconditioned response (salivation). Repetition produces a conditional reflex in which the bell alone elicits salivation in his dog.

On the other hand in the Operant Conditioning by Skinner learning occurs as a consequence of reinforcement. If a response is reinforced, its frequency will increase, but if it is punished, its frequency will decrease.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

"Ivan Pavlov"

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Mother-child relationship

Did you know that….

mother-child relationship is a basic factor in the development of an adaptable and flexible ego ?

René Spitz observed that babies removed from their mother’s care and left in a hospital showed anxiety.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Dorothea Linde Dix

Who is Dorothea Linde Dix   ?

Dorothea Linde Dix (1802-1887) was a school teacher that became shocked when she saw the “places” where mental patients were locked up and the treat them received.

Dorothea Linde Dix wrote a report (famous in the Psychiatry History) about mental hospital and sent it to Massachusetts authorities in 1843.

Through her activities, twenty states built modern mental hospital, and extended the facilities of a total of thirty-two hospitals in USA, Canada and British Isles. Among these was the famous “Government Hospital for the Insane” at Washington D.C.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

"Retrato de Dorothea Linde Dix"

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Alcoholism incidence

Did you know that …..

75% of American adults drink alcoholic beverages and 1 in 10 will experience some problem with alcoholism ?

Did you know that …..

women alcoholics have been, in general, more likely to drink alone, and less likely to experience some of the social stigmata ?

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

"Alcohol"

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Electric Convulsive Treatment

Did you know that …..

in 1938 Cerletti and Bini in Italy introduce Electric Convulsive Treatment ?

It was based in the belief that schizophrenia and epilepsy do not occur together. Later studies questioned that.

Electric Convulsive Treatment o Electroshock is a small electric shock to induce an epilepsy seizure in the patient.
The frequency is variable, but usually given three times a week for a fortnight or a month.

In the past Electric Convulsive Treatment or Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) was used for different mental illnesses. Currently it is only prescribed for stubborn cases of depression or schizophrenia who are unresponsive to less invasive treatments. Nowadays electroshock is applied under anesthesia.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

Electric Convulsive Treatment

 

 

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Consulta en Madrid. Más de 30 años de experiencia. Tratamiento  de Psixosis, Trastornos de Ansiedad, Depresión. Trastorno Bipolar, Fobias, Obsesiones, Timidez, problemas de pareja, Trastornos sexuales, Adicciones, Anorexia Nerviosa, Bulimia, Trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad, Trastornos psicosomáticos, problemas escolares, etc.

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