Posts in Category: english

The highest and the lowest rates of suicide

Did you know that…..

suicide is one of the most significant cause of death in many countries ?

The World Health Organization defines suicide as an act deliberately initiated and performed by a person in the full knowledge or expectation of its outcome.

The lowest rates of suicide are in the Mediterranean countries, Greece, Spain, Italy, and Israel.
Korea has the highest rates of suicide. Other countries with high rates of suicide are Russia, Hungary and Japan.

Intentional killing of oneself has decreased in Estonia, Luxembourg and Austria, but it has risen in Korea, Chile, Japan, Mexico and Portugal.
Suicides are greater in elderly people and young people (under 25) than in the rest of people.

Mortality rates are based on the numbers of deaths registered in a country during a year and divided by the number of its habitants.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

The earth

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Continuous Sleep Treatment

Did you know that….
sleep is induced for approximately 20 hours each day in the Continuous Sleep Treatment ?

The  period of sleep can be from 3 to 60 days. The patient must sleep in a quiet and darkened room, and he is awake at certain fixed times to feed himself and attend to his elimination.

The depth of sleep varies with the type of method, from a profound sleep to a continuous somnolence called “twilight sleep”.

Barbiturates (Amytal) and Phenotiazine derivatives are the drugs used in this kind of treatment.
The procedure is not without risk. Some complications are : cardiovascular collapse, bronchopneumonia, acute renal insufficiency, respiratory depression, delirious episodes, and convulsions at the termination of treatment.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

mujer durmiendo

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Psychotherapy (English)

Psychotherapy aimed at discovering the unconscious conflicts is an ideal treatment for anxiety, as well as other psychological disorders. Besides the above, psychotherapy can also lead to greater self-knowledge.

We think that drugs should be used along with psychotherapy, not as a substitute for appropriate psychotherapy. Since Benzodiazepines are only symptomatic treatment, care must be taken to avoid high doses and prolonged use, which can lead to dependence.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

 

dibujo de Freud

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Behaviorism

Did you know that…..

Behaviorism means a mechanistic and biological approach of psychology, animal and human  ?

Behaviorism thinks that psychology should be as objective as physical science. Behaviorism says that the behavior is the only aspect of human psychology that can be measured.  Behaviorism affirms the emotions, the thoughts, and other internal topics of human mind are subjectives, and they are impossible to measure.

Behaviorism and other stimulus-response theories represent the mathematical and physical science applied to psychology.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Narcotics Drugs

Narcotic drugs are classified into two groups.

1 .- Opium and its derivatives, Morphine, Narcotine, Papaverine, and Codeine.

2 .- Their synthetic equivalents, such as Methadone.

Originally it was thought that each of these drugs was not addictive. Subsequently it was shown that all narcotics cause addiction.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

 

poppy

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Shock Therapies in Psychiatry

Did you know that…..

Shock Therapies were introduced in Psychiatry in the last century ?

Most mental hospitals used Shock Therapies throughout the twentieth century.

There were three main types of Shock Therapies,

  • Hypoglycemic shock therapy,
  • Cardiazol shock,
  • Electric convulsions shock.

The Electric shock therapy was the most popular shock therapy.

The application of the shock therapy was widely accepted because there was no a more rational and effective treatment.

Shock Therapies also mean lower health care costs for most countries, but the scientific validity and the effects of shocks has been questioned.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Origin of Heroin

Did you know that…..
Heroin was isolated from opium in 1898 ?

Heroin was first isolated from opium as a non-addictive substitute for Morphine. At first it was thought that Heroin could solve the problem of addiction to Morphine.

About fifteen years later scientists discovered the great addictive power of Heroin.

More recently, something similar happened with the Methadone. In this case also it was believed that it was a drug without the problem of causing addiction. Unfortunately, Methadone is also an addictive drug.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

Heroin

Heroin was isolated from opium in 1898 ?.

Heroin was first isolated from opium as a non-addictive substitute for morphine, and therefore Heroin will could solve the problem of addiction to Morphine.

Until about fifteen years later scientics did not recognize the great addictive power of Heroin.

More recently, something similar happens with the Methadone, ie in this case was believed that it
was a drug without the problem of addiction. Unfortunately, methadone is also addictive.

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Overdoses of cocaine

Did you know that…..

Overdoses of cocaine produces tremors, convulsion and delirium ?

Death may be due to cardiovascular collapse or respiratory failure.

Cocaine can be used injected, inhaled, or smoked.

There was not abstinence syndrome when the drug is withdrawn.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

cocaine line

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