Posts in Category: drogodependencias

Cocaína y sueño

¿ Sabías que…..

en la intoxicación aguda por Cocaína se produce gran insomnio y el registro electroencefalográfico (EEG) muestra un sueño muy desestructurado ?

Sin embargo, al pasar los efectos, y si no se toma una nueva dosis, aparece hipersomnia.

 

(Editado por la Dra. Moya Guirao)

cocaína y dormir

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Opioids intoxication

Did you know that…..

Opioids (Heroin, Morphine, etc.) intoxication is characterized by euphoria, itching of the skin, decreased respiratory rate, bradycardia, flushing, meiosis, hypo-tension and decreased body temperature ?

Morphine is an alkaloid of the opium. Morphine was isolated in 1804 by a German pharmacist called Friedrich Sertürner.

The name of Morphine was in the honor of Morpheus, the God of dreams in the ancient Greek mythology.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

Bottle of Morphine

 

 

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Pregnancy and Drugs

Did you know that…..

Heroin and methadone freely cross the placental barrier, and fetus readily becomes drug-dependent ?

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Tolerance (English)

What is Tolerance  ?

In drugs abuse Tolerance is defined as the need to increase the dose progressively in order to produce the effect originally achieved by smaller amounts.

As Tolerance is a progressive increase in dosage, it may be several hundred fold greater than the first dose after a short period of time.

In addiction to drugs, alcohol and other substances is common to find tolerance and physical or psychological dependence. The elimination of such drugs or alcohol triggers a withdrawal syndrome. For example, we will find physical dependence, tolerance and withdrawal in heroin addiction.

 

(Edited by Dra Moya Guirao)

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Physical Dependence

Did you know that…..

In drugs abuse Physical dependence is a state of adaptation to a drug accompanied by tolerance and abstinence syndrome ?

In addiction to drugs, alcohol and other substances is common to find tolerance and physical or psychological dependence.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Drugg dependence

Did you know that…..

In the abuse of drugs Psychological dependence is characterized by a desire to repeat the administration of the drug to produce pleasure or avoid discomfort ?

The dependence is an effect induced by a drug, alcohol or other substances.
Another type of dependence is the physical or physiological dependence. This type of dependence is characterized by the appearance of signs of tolerance or withdrawal.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Abstinence Syndrome (English)

What is the Abstinence Syndrome ?

The Abstinence Syndrome is characterized by untoward physiologic changes that occur when the drug or alcohol is discontinued or when its effect is counteracted by a specific antagonist.

The use of drugs and the consumption of alcohol develop dependence and tolerance. Many addicts continued using them to prevent the discomfort of withdrawal. Drugs use and alcohol drink have became a part of our culture. Recreational use is often accompanied by ritualization with a set of observed rules and is seldom practiced alone.

Most of the addicts people abuse alcohol or another drug at the same time and may have hospital admissions for overdose, adverse reactions, or withdrawal problems.

 

(Edited by Dra Moya Guirao)

 

 

 

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Naltrexone

Did you know that…..

Naltrexone is a orally bio-available opioid antagonist used in the treatment of opioid addicts ?

Naltrexone has a long duration of action and is generally well tolerated by patients.

Methadone is other drug used for treatment of chronic opioid dependence. Nowadays thousands of opioid addicts are in Methadone maintenance programs in many countries. Methadone is given to addicts orally.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

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