Posts Tagged Under: Benjamin Rush

Asociación Americana de Psiquiatría

¿ Qué es la Asociación Americana de Psiquiatría ?

La American Psychiatric Association (APA) es una asociación estadounidense de psiquiatras constituida por más de 36.000 miembros en la actualidad. Esta organización elige un presidente y un comité ejecutivo que se encargan de convocar un “meeting” anual, y de una serie de actividades; de entre ellas quizás lo más importante sean sus publicaciones.

La APA, creada en 1921, tuvo una asociación que le precedió que fue la Association of Medical Superintendents of American Institutions for the Insane (AMSAII) fundada en 1844 en Filadelfia por un conjunto de psiquiatras americanos.

La publicación más importante de la American Psychiatric Association es el Manual Diagnóstico y Estadístico de los Trastornos Mentales (DSM) cuyo primer libro se publicó en 1952. En el transcurso de este año 2011 verá la luz el DSM-5.

A continuación reproducimos el logo de la Asociación Americana de Psiquiatría, donde podemos ver la imagen del que se considera el padre de la psiquiatría de Estados Unidos, Benjamin Rush.

 

(Editado por la Dra. Moya Guirao)

 

"Logo de la APA"

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Benjamin Rush

Who’s Benjamin Rush?

Benjamin Rush is “The Father of American Psychiatry” (1745-1813) and he was the first American physician to approach the treatment of mental disorders from a scientific viewpoint, but his principal remedies were purgatives, emetics, and bloodletting.

Benjamin Rush graduated from Princeton at the age of fifteen, and received his doctor’s degree from the University of Edinburgh at the age of twenty-two.

He published a psychiatry treatise in 1812 under the title “Medical Inquiries and Observations Upon Diseases of the Mind“.

Rush devised two curious instruments, the “gyrator” based on the principle of centrifugal action to increase cerebral circulation, and the “tranquilizer“. These instruments were “shock measures“, a form of shock therapy. He thought these apparatus were good “to obviate these evils of the strait waistcoat and at the same time to obtain all the benefit of coercion“, as he used to say.

Benjamin Rush  was a very learned man and a signer of the Declaration of Independence.

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

"Retrato de Benjamin Rush"

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The American Psychiatric Association

Did you know that….

the American  Psychiatric Association was founded in 1844 ?

That first association was called “ Association of Medical Superintendents of American Institutions for the Insane” (AMSAII), and was founded in Philadelphia by a group of American psychiatrists. Actually the APA was founded in 1921.

The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is an American organization of more than 150,000 members, psychiatrists and psychiatry students. The organization elects a president and an executive committee.

The flagship publication of the American Psychiatric Association is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), whose first book was published in 1952. In the course of this year 2011 will be released DSM-V.

Below is the logo of the American Psychiatric Association, where we see the image of what is considered the father of American psychiatry, Benjamin Rush.

 

(Edited By María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

The American Psychiatric Association logo

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