¿ Who is Melanie Klein ?
Melanie Klein was a psychoanalyst born in Vienna in 1882 and died in London in 1960.
She started her training with Sándor Ferenczi, and later, with Karl Abraham. She analysed children, at that time a new field.
She discovered the use of toys in child therapy with a very silent child patient.
Melanie Klein contributions to psychoanalysis theory are :
a)-early stages of Oedipus complex and super-ego formation,
b)-early operation of introjective and projective mechanisms in building up the child’s inner word of fantasy,
c)-the concepts of paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions,
d)-clarification of the difference between two sorts of identification : introjective and projective.
e)-the importance of a very early form of envy.
(Edited by Dra. Moya Guirao)