Posts Tagged Under: children

Sleep hours recommended


normal sleep

Sleep hours recommended by the National Sleep Foundation of the United States of America.

The amount of sleep that a person needs varies from one person to another, in other words, some people need more sleep than others to be well.

On the other hand, the number of hours of sleep also differs depending on the age of the individual.

Thus, according to the latest recommendations of the National Sleep Foundation of the United States of America, the hours of sleep that each person needs based on their age are the following:

1.- Newborn needs to sleep between 12 and 18 hours each day.

2.- From 4 to 11 months infants have to sleep between 12 and 15 hours a day.

3.- From 1 to 2 years toddlers need to sleep between 11 and 14 hours daily.

4.- From 6 to 13 years of age children need between 9 and 11 hours of sleep every day.

5.- From 14 to 17 years old adolescents have to sleep between 10 and 8 hours a day.

6.- From 18 to 25 years old, you have to sleep between 7 and 9 hours each day.

7.- From 26 to 64 years old it is also necessary to sleep between 7 and 9 hours a day.

8.- People over 65 need to sleep between 7 and 8 hours daily.

(Edited by Dr. María Moya Guirao, MD)

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Childhood Self-control

Did you know that…..

A recent study, published by Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,(PNAS) affirms that the self-control is important for the health, wealth, and public safety of the population ?

Terry E. Moffitt, Nigel Dickson, and others followed a cohort of 1,000 children from birth to the age of 32 and they found that childhood self-control predicts physical health, substance dependence, personal finances, and criminal outcomes.

They also said that effects of children’s self-control could be disengaged from their intelligence, social class and from adolescence mistakes

Another cohort of 500 sibling-pairs, the sibling with lower self-control had poorer outcomes than his brother, despite shared family background.

That study, entitled “A gradient of childhood self-control predicts health, wealth, and public safety“, has been carried out by investigators of the Departments of Psychology and Neuroscience and Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, and Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy, Duke University, Durham;  The Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London, United Kingdom; Department of Oral Sciences and Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Otago, New Zealand; Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, and Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada.


(Edited by Dr. María Moya Guirao, MD)


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Psychological Examination of Children

Did you know that…..

the psychological examination of the children is best conducted during a play session ?

The psychology must observe the affective behavior, the speech, the use of the play material, the motility and the attitude toward people.

The play materials could be puppets, graphic material, blocks, doll house furniture, punching bag, balloons, toy people, puzzles, toy trucks, etc.

(Edited by Dr. María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Loneliness and Teenagers

Did you know that…..

children just before entering their teens may suffer from a sense of unpopularity or loneliness ?

The teenager has altruistic goals and gives a high value on friendship. They are also eager to have their first experiences in love.
When there is fear of not liking the other sex is indicative of insecurity and can be experienced as a drama.
There is also the “time of rebellion“. They rebel against the dictates of adults.

(Edited by Dr. María Moya Guirao, MD)

teenager thinking

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Logical Thinking

Did you know that…..

in early years of live unrealistic thinking prevails ?

Children acquire logical thinking around 8 years old.

Educators should take into account it when they design educational programs. Thus, for example, a certain mathematical knowledge can not be learned by children under that age, as they lack logical reasoning skills necessary for learning these concepts.

(Edited by Dr. María Moya Guirao, MD)


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Plato and Children (English)

Did you know that…..

Six thousand years ago an Egyptian priest carved on a stone, “our earth is degenerate……Children no longer obey their parents” ?

Centuries later, the Greek philosopher (428-348)  Plato wrote the same in one of his Dialogues.
(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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