René Spitz described a disturbance of infancy which he called “Hospitalism“. This is a vitiated condition of the body due to long confinement in a hospital or institution.
Spitz studied many children in two institutions and other reared at home using tests and films. The result was that the babies in institutions (hospital or foundling home) were more susceptible to illness and showed a high mortality rate than children at home.
(Edited by Dra. Moya Guirao)