Posts Tagged Under: drugs


Narcotics Drugs

Narcotic drugs are classified into two groups.

1 .- Opium and its derivatives, Morphine, Narcotine, Papaverine, and Codeine.

2 .- Their synthetic equivalents, such as Methadone.

Originally it was thought that each of these drugs was not addictive. Subsequently it was shown that all narcotics cause addiction.

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

poppy

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Flashbacks

¿ What are Flashbacks ?

Flashbacks are episodes that occur to some chronic users of hallucinogenic drugs, and they are characterized by :

  • visual illusions,
  • distortions of sensations, and
  • hallucinations.

Those episodes appear after the addict person has discontinued the use of the drug. Flashbacks are produced by hallucinogenic drugs such as LSD (Lysergic Acid Diethylamide), but barbiturates and marijuana may produce them too.

Flashbacks disappear spontaneously after some month, but in some cases the phenomena can last even a year.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

flashbacks

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Cocaine Effects

The effects of cocaine may be acute or chronic.

The most important acute effects of cocaine are: euphoria, logorrhea, excitement, reduction of tiredness, vasoconstriction, hypertension, tachycardia, anorexia, and mydriasis (pupil dilation).

The chronic effects of that drug are: paranoia, psychotic episodes, visual and tactile hallucinations, delusions of parasitosis, dyskinesias, arrhythmia, stroke, ischemic heart disease, pulmonary edema, weight loss, and nasal septum perforation.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

Cocaine

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Opium Poppy

Did you know that…..

The Sumerian civilization know the effect of the opium poppy ?

The Sumerian call it “the plant of joy“.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

opium poppy

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Cocaine and Sleep

Did you know that…..

in acute cocaine (benzoylmethylecgonine) poisoning occurs much insomnia and registration electroencephalographic (EEG) shows a highly dysfunctional sleep ?

However, through these effects, and if not taken another dose, appears hypersomnia.

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

Cocaine

 

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Cocaine and Cannabis in Spain

Did you know that…..

According to the EMCDDA (European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction) recently made public the prevalence of consumption of cocaine in Spain is 3.6% among those between 14 and 18 years ?

Regarding the prevalence of cannabis abuse, in the same age, is 20’1%.

The good news is that compared to previous data published in 2004 saw a decline in the abuse of these drugs. The prevalence of cocaine abuse in that year was 7.2% and 25’1% for cannabis.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

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Sleep and Barbiturates

Did you know that…..

that some studies suggested that Barbiturates could suppress REM (Rapid Eyes Movement) sleep ?

Nevertheless they also said that not necessarily those drugs interfer with the overall sleep time.

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

EEG

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