Posts Tagged Under: Hysteria

Mental Illness and Possession

Did you know that…..

for many cultures “Possession” by the evil is often the explanation of mental illness for the symptoms of hysterical nature ?

Culturas primitivas

In those cultures the insanity is viewed as an indication of “bewitchment“, and the possessed person may be cruelly punished to protect the community from the evil within him.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Breuer and Sigmund Freud

Did you know that…..

In 1893 Breuer and Sigmund Freud published their experiences in the treatment of Hysteria in a communication entitled “The Psychic Mechanism of Hysterical Phenomena“, and later in 1895 “Studies of Hysteria” ?

The principal contributions were :

  • They, instead of hypnotizing a patient and then making direct suggestions of cure, encouraged the patient to talk while under hypnosis. The patient recalled and expressed important events connected with his emotional live. This method is called by them “mental catharsis“. This talking out under hypnosis was laden with emotional charge. The discharge of the repressed emotion into verbal emotive expression was called “abreaction“.
  • They, studying Hysteria, established the relationship between neurotic symptoms and childhood experiences.
  • They discovered that symptoms have “meaning“.
  • They claim that “communication” is the therapeutic operative force.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

"Retrato de Josef Breuer"

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Childhood and Psychoanalysis (English)

Did you know that…..

Attention to individual’s development during childhood and mental illness first come from psychoanalysis ?

Freud and Breuer, studying hysteria, established the relationship between neurotic symptoms and childhood experiences. Sigmund Freud discovered childhood symptoms in the past live of his adult patients.

 

(Editado por la Dra. Moya Guirao)

 

Sigmund Freud

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Hysteria’s Meaning

Did you know that…..

The word “hysteria” means “wandering of uterus” and was used by ancient Greeks ?

Hysteria come from “hystero” which was translated to “uterus”  in Latin.

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Hysteria and The Middle Ages

Did you know that….

during the Middle Ages the Hysteria were relied upon as a method of ascertaining possession by the evil ?

The belief of the demoniacal origin of hysteria dominated medieval Europe and took many “witches” to trials and death.

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Pychoanalytic Therapy

The psychoanalytic therapy was derived from the treatment of hysterical patients with hypnosis. Freud first became interested in this method under the influence of his friend Josef Breuer
The discovering of free association may well be considered the beginning of analytic therapy when Freud used it with Elisabeth Von R., who was refractory to hypnosis.
In the “Studies of Hysteria“. published with Josef Breuer, Sigmund Freud described the cornerstone of the psychoanalytic theory : resistance, transference, repression, and defence mechanisms.
(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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Charcot

Who is Charcot ?

Charcot was outstanding french neurologist who developed a system of hypnosis as treatment of hysteria. He was also Freud master.

Jean M. Charcot demonstrated the traumatic power of emotional disturbance in provoking the manifestations of the disease and managed the elimination of the hysteric symptoms through suggestion and hypnosis.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

"Retrato de Charcot"

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Briquet’s Syndrome

Briquet’s Syndrome is a Somatization Disorder characterized by multiple somatic symptoms.

This illness is considered a form of hysteria and occurs predominantly in women.

The Briquet’s Syndrome patients complains of vague somatic symptoms, ie, abdominal pain, fatigue, headaches, sparring, dyspareunia, nausea, and vomiting.

The symptoms are a message expressing a desperate plea for help and attention.

Patients often dissatisfied with their care, go from doctor to doctor.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

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