Posts Tagged Under: Morphine

Heroin and Hypodermic Needle

Did you know that…..

the invention of the hypodermic needle played an important role in the story of addiction to drugs ?

In 1853 an Scottish physician, Alexander Woods, invented the hypodermic needle. At the time of hypodermic’s discovery doctor thought that the use of hypodermic needle would prevent addiction to  drug. The explanation for that if the drug did not reach the stomach, the person would not develop a “hunger” for them.

The first narcotic drug administrated by hypodermic needle was Morphine. The second one was Heroin, which was isolated from opium in 1898.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)
hypodermic needle

hypodermic needles

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Narcotics Drugs

Narcotic drugs are classified into two groups.

1 .- Opium and its derivatives, Morphine, Narcotine, Papaverine, and Codeine.

2 .- Their synthetic equivalents, such as Methadone.

Originally it was thought that each of these drugs was not addictive. Subsequently it was shown that all narcotics cause addiction.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

 

poppy

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Morphine

Did you know that…..

At the beginning of the nineteenth century Friedrich Sertürner (1783-1841), a german pharmacist, isolated an active constituent from opium ?

Morphine is the name for that drug.

Others alkaloids derived from opium are Codeine and Papaverine.

Morphine, Codeine and Papaverine have in common too that they have important medical properties, for example the Codeine is active upon the cough centre, and the Morphine is a powerful analgesic.

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

Retrato de Friedrich Sertürner

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Opioids intoxication

Did you know that…..

Opioids (Heroin, Morphine, etc.) intoxication is characterized by euphoria, itching of the skin, decreased respiratory rate, bradycardia, flushing, meiosis, hypo-tension and decreased body temperature ?

Morphine is an alkaloid of the opium. Morphine was isolated in 1804 by a German pharmacist called Friedrich Sertürner.

The name of Morphine was in the honor of Morpheus, the God of dreams in the ancient Greek mythology.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

Bottle of Morphine

 

 

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