Posts Tagged Under: Psychologist

Mentally Retarded Individuals and Degrees of Disability

Topic : Mentally Retarded Individuals and Degrees of Disability  

Mentally retarded individuals need special care from infancy to old age. The psychologist can assist the parents to understand developmental sequences.

The degree of disability may go from mild level to profound level.

Profound level is characterized by :

minimal capacity for functioning in sensorio-motor areas,
delays in all areas of development,
basic emotional responses,
primitive speech,
incapable of self maintenance.

Mild level is characterized by:

often not notice as retarded by casual observer,
slowe walk,
can feed self,
can acquire practical skills,
can acquire useful reading and arithmetic,
can usually achieve social skills,
may need occasional guidance and support when under social or economic stress.

(Edited by Dr. María Moya Guirao, MD)

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Psychological Interview

Did you know that…..

In a Psychological Interview the psychologist must make clear questions ?

As the diagnosis is the interview’s goal, the duration, distribution, intensity, quality and intensity of the symptoms are very important. It is very important that the patient describes his symptoms in his own words.

Other significant topics are the following :

  • The personal and family history,
  • The impact of the disorder in his daily life and other circumstances,
  • Social adaptation and mood,
  • Orientation to place, time and person,
  • The patient behavior, his postures, gait and dress.

But the most important thing in a Psychological Interview is that the person feels at ease.

(Edited by Dr. María Moya Guirao, MD)

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Carl Rogers and The Terapeutic Climate

"Retrato de Carl Rogers"

Did you know that…..

For Carl Rogers, father of the ” Psychotherapy Centered on the Client “, the attitudes of the psychotherapist in the course of a psychotherapy are very important ?

For this American psychologist the therapist must have a “ positive, genuine and unconditional attention towards the patient, as well as an empathic and precise comprehension “.

Carl Rogers said: “ I have long held that it is not the technical skill or training of the therapist that determines his success, not, for example, his skillful dream interpretation, his sensitive reflections of feeling, his handling of the transference, his subtle use of positive reinforcement. Instead, I believe it is the presence of certain attitudes in the therapist, which are communicated to, and perceived by his client, that effect success in psychotherapy. The therapist can provide three definable conditions in his relationship with the client and if the client can perceive to some degree the presence of these conditions, then therapeutic movement will ensue, these three conditions are the therapist’s congruence or genuineness; unconditional positive regard, a complete acceptance; and a sensitively accurate empathic understanding “.


(Edited by Dr. María Moya Guirao, MD)

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