Posts Tagged Under: World Health Organization

Psychiatric Hospital and Therapeutic Community

Did you know…..

that in 1953 an Expert Committee of the World Health Organization (WHO) stated that the psychiatric hospital should be a therapeutic community?

According to said committee that therapeutic community should be governed by certain principles. Among such principles would be the conservation and safeguarding of the individuality of the patient, the conviction that the mentally ill are trustworthy and capable of taking their own initiatives and of assuming their responsibilities.

The previous was a step to end the classic psychiatric asylums in which there was a long history of oppression, abuse and violence, physical and mental. During those years a series of initiatives were taken in many Western countries to put an end to these practices, and to convert the old asylums into modern, short-stay hospital units and humane treatment. In addition, new and more effective treatments were instituted.

 

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

classical mental hospital

asylum

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Consumption of alcohol in America

Did you know …..

what is the alcohol consumption in America ?

According to data published this month by the World Health Organization (WHO), Europe ranks first in consumption “per capita” of alcoholic beverages worldwide, and in the second place is America.

The top positions are occupied for the following countries: Granada 29.9 liters of alcohol per capita annually, Saint Lucia with 24.0 liters, Brazil with 19.6 liters, Chile with 19.2 liters, Argentina with 19.5 liters, Canada with 18.8 liters, and the United States with 18.1 liters.

The countries with the lowest per capita annual consumption of alcohol are: El Salvador with 9.0 liters per year, Honduras with 9.7 liters, Cuba with 12.3 liters, Jamaica with 12.5 liters, Guatemala with 13.9 liters, and Nicaragua with 14.3 liters.

The consumption per gender are :

Argentina : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 19.5 liters (males) and 10.9 (females)

Bolivia : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 14.5 liters (males) and 6.6 (females)

Brazil : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 19.6 liters (males) and 8.9 (females)

Guatemala : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 13.9 liters (males) and 1.7 (females)

Canada : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 18.8 liters (males) and 7.4 (females)

Chile : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 19.2 liters (males) and 9.3 (females)

Colombia : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 15.2 liters (males) and 9.4 (females)

Ecuador : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 18.8 liters (males) and 9.4 (females)

Mexico : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 18.0 liters (males) and 5.7 (females)

Peru : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 18.0 liters (males) and 8.6 (females)

Estados Unidos : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 18.1 liters (males) and 7.8 (females)

Venezuela : the consumption of alcohol per capita is 18.1 liters (males) and 10.7 (females)

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

silueta de un bebedor

silueta de un hombre alcohólico

 

 

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Worldwide Alcohol Consumption

Did you know that…..

After the World Health Organization’s Global status report on alcohol and health 2014 about 3.3 million deaths (5.9% of all global deaths) were attributable to alcohol consumption ?

The 7.6% of that deaths are among males and 4.0% females. Also, 5.1% of the global burden of disease and injury were attributable to alcohol consumption. Males also have a greater rate of total burden of disease attributable to alcohol than females (7.4% for men and 2.3% for women).

 Worldwide alcohol consumption was equal to 6.2 litres of alcohol per person aged 15 years or older. About 16.0% of drinkers engage in heavy episodicdrinking.

Females are more often lifetime abstainers than males.

In general, high-income countries have the highest alcohol per capita consumption.

Children, adolescents and elderly people are more vulnerable to alcohol.

A greater proportion of the total alcohol consumed by young people is consumed during heavy drinking episodes. Young people also may engage in more reckless behaviour while drunk.
Older drinkers typically consume alcohol more frequently than other age groups. As people grow older, their bodies are less able to handle the same levels of alcohol consumption as in previous life years.

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Health and WHO

Did you know that…..

in the preamble of World Health Organization constitution is expressed the following ?

Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity “.

The World Health Organization (WHO) is the agency of the United Nations Organization (UN) specialized in managing policies for prevention, health promotion and intervention worldwide.

WHO was founded on April 7, 1948. The World Health Organization is headquartered in Geneva and six regional offices. Those regional offices are: Regional Office for Africa, based in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo, Regional Office for Europe in Copenhagen, Denmark, Regional Office for South-East Asia (based in New Delhi, India), Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean (based in Cairo, Egypt), Regional Office for the Western Pacific (based in Manila, Philippines), and Regional Office for the Americas (based in Washington DC, USA).

 

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, M.D.)

 

World Health Organization

 

 

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