The Psychoanalytic Theory
Psychoanalysis is a depth psychology and gives especial significance to pre-conscious and un-conscious psychic activities.
Freud affirmed present behavior can only be understood in terms of past environmental experiences,
He published two important books : “Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality” and “Interpretation of Dreams“, He wrote in this papers about infantile sexuality .
The children libido seen to go through distinct phases of development. in each phase there is characteristic pleasurable bodily zones :
- The oral phase Lasts from birth until one-and-a-half years of age. The most important pleasurable activity is sucking
- The anal phase occurs between one-and-a-half to three years.The most important source of bodily pleasure comes from anus.
- The fallic phase last from the thirth to seventh year. After this phase comes the latency period until the beginning of puberty, age about twelve .
(Edited by Dra. Moya Guirao)