Search Results for: psychotherapy treatment


dibujo de Freud

Psychotherapy aimed at discovering the unconscious conflicts is an ideal treatment for anxiety, as well as other psychological disorders. Besides the above, psychotherapy can also lead to greater self-knowledge.

We think that drugs should be used along with psychotherapy, not as a substitute for appropriate psychotherapy. Since Benzodiazepines are only symptomatic treatment, care must be taken to avoid high doses and prolonged use, which can lead to dependence.

(Edited by Dr. María Moya Guirao, MD)

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Optimism and Psychotherapy

Did you know that.Optimism ….

A recent study, published by Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics Journal, shows that low level of optimism predicts initiation of Psychotherapy for new-onset Depression ?

The participants, 38,717 public sector employees, without history of depression, had to respond to a survey, to a Life Orientation Test, and also their indicators of Depression were followed-up during four years.

That study has been carried out by investigators of Finland (Department of Psychiatry, University of Helsinki), England (University College London Medical School, London), and France (University of Versailles St-Quentin, Versailles).

The conclusion was the following : “This study suggests that although both low optimism and high pessimism increase the risk for depression, only low optimism influences the initiation of psychotherapy as a treatment modality for depression. This could imply that depressed patients with low optimism should receive more attention in the beginning of the depressive episode than patients with high optimism”.

This confirms what we have known for some time that the patient’s personality and disposition of him to his treatment may be an important factor in its success.

(Edited by Dr. María Moya Guirao, MD)

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Treatment of Married Couples

Couple of Heart

Therapy of married couples can be defined as psychotherapy centered on  the psycho-dynamics and behavior of two persons who are married.

The treatment of couples is addressed to the disturbed relationship of the couple and as well as their neurosis. The therapy is focused on the marital problems (negative communication, unrealistic expectations, lack of communication , etc). Those problems may cause a deterioration clinically significant on the individual or family activity, or the appearance of symptoms in one or both spouses.

That psychotherapy can improve the marriage, as well as each individual. The therapy of married couples goes beyond “marriage counseling“.

There are seven commonly used forms of treatment of married couples:

1.- Therapy of husband and wife in successions.

2.- Simultaneous treatment of both spouses by the same therapist in separate sessions.

3- Simultaneous treatment of both spouses in joint sessions.

4.- Therapy conducted by two psychotherapists, each of whom sees one spouse.

5.- Four-way sessions in which each spouse has a separate analyst, and at regular periods the two analyst and the two patients have joint sessions.

6.- Groups composed of couples with one therapist and/or with co-therapist.

7.- Family therapy oriented mainly toward the parenteral relationship rather than toward the child.

(Edited by Dr. María Moya Guirao, MD)

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Psychotherapy Experiencial of Whitaker

Topic: Psychotherapy experiencial of Whitaker.

The Psychotherapy Experiencial of Whitaker is a modification of the orthodox psychoanalysis designed by an American psychoanalyst called Whitaker and his group of Emory University in Atlanta (USA), among that also the Dr. Malone deserves to be mentioned.

Whitaker was defining the psychotherapy as ” a situation where a person (therapist) acts catalyzing the process of growth of another (patient), and taking her to a major level of adaptative capacity “.

Also he was thinking that the psychotherapy would help in the process of personal growth, and they called her “experiencial” because it emphasis in the experience of the treatment itself and in the interrelationship therapist – patient, more than in the use of interpretations.

This psychoanalyst was the introductory one of the so called “Polytherapy” in which several therapists were using for the same patient.

(Edited by María Moya Guirao, MD)

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Human Behavior Disorders



Diagnosis and treatment of human behavior disorders are determined by social and psychological factors. They could be : un-conscious, pre-conscious and conscious.

The understanding of the essential psychological mechanism, the causes of mental illness, the social factors and the introduction of Neuroleptics and Psychotherapy has contributed to the treatment of many patients and reduced the duration of hospital stay of psychotics.

(Edited by Dr. María Moya Guirao, MD)

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Depressed people



Did you know…..

That in Depression is there a tendency to negative thinking, as the result of excessive abstraction and generalization?

Depressed people generalize negative events, and this leads to pessimistic anticipations and a great despair about the future. Depressed people think very negatively about themselves and the events that occur in their lives.

These patiens also do not have specific goals for their lives. They tend to think of abstract personal goals.

Several studies have also found that depressed adolescents have nonspecific personal goals, unlike adolescents who do not suffer from depression. But some studies have also shown that depressed young people can make up specific personal goals after conducting a successful psychotherapy treatment. In young people with depression, motivation, commitment and effort to achieve personal goals are very poor.

(Edited by Dr. María Moya Guirao, MD)

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Biography of Marguerite Sechehaye

Marguerite Sechehaye (1887-1064) was a Swiss psychologist and psychoanalyst who developed a method called Symbolic Realization for the treatment of Schizophrenia.

This psychoanalyst became popular with the publication of his book “Autobiography of a Schizophrenic girl“, published in 1950. It is about the case of a teenage girl, Renée, who suffered from Schizophrenia. This book was made ??into a film by italian director Nelo Risi.

Marguerite Sechehaye, whose maiden name was Marguerite Burdet, studied Literature with the great linguist Ferdinand de Saussure. Later she studied Psychology with Claparède.

Sechehaye became interested in Psycoanalysis and began her Didactic Analysis with the psychoanalist Raymond de Saussure.

She had frequent contacts with other famous contemporary psychoanalysts as Anna Freud, Donald D. Winicott, René Spitz, etc.

Another interesting publication by Sechehaye Marguerite is “A New Psychotherapy in Schizophrenia. Relief of frustrations by Symbolic Realization”.

(Edited by Dr. María Moya Guirao, MD)

Marguerite Sechehaye

Foto de Marguerite Sechehaye

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Cancer and Risk of Suicide

Did you know that …..
according to a recent Swedish study the diagnosis of cancer increases the likelihood of suicide or die from cardiovascular causes ?

The researchers studied a sample of 6,073,240 Swedes between 1991 and 2006.
The conclusion of the investigation was that the risk of suicide in the first week after the cancer diagnosis was 12.6, representing an incidence rate of 2.50 / 1,000 per person-year. This rate decreased after the year of diagnosis, and it was 0.60 / 1,000 per person-year.

Regarding the risk of cardiovascular death after diagnosis, it was 5.6 during the first week, with the incidence rate of 116.80 / 1,000 person-years. The rate of death from cardiovascular problems after the year of diagnosis was 65.81 / 1,000 person-years.

As shown, the risk of death or suicide decreased during the first year after diagnosis, but the investigators found that the risk was greatest for cancers with poor prognosis.

This research entitled “Suicide and Cardiovascular Death after a Cancer Diagnosis“, was conducted by Dr. Fang Fang and colleagues, and has been published recently in The New England Journal of Medicine.

The mere fact of being diagnosed with cancer is experienced by people as a traumatic experience.
Psychotherapy conducted by psychologists or physicians experienced in cancer psychotherapy is an important tool in the treatment of people with cancer.

(Edited by Dr. María Moya Guirao, MD)

cancer cells

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